|4th President of Indonesia|
20 October 1999 â€“ 23 July 2001
|Vice President||Megawati Sukarnoputri|
|Preceded by||Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie|
|Succeeded by||Megawati Sukarnoputri|
7 September 1940
Jombang, East Java, Dutch East Indies
|Died||30 December 2009
|Resting place||Jombang, East Java, Indonesia|
|Political party||National Awakening Party|
|Alma mater||Karachi Grammar School
Al-Azhar University (Islamic studies 1967)
University of Baghdad
|Profession||Religious Leader (Kyai), Politician|
I told the students that we can exert pressure without resorting to violence, and that we can move towards democracy without violence; that way, God will allow it.
If we cling to the institution of Islam, then we tend to defend it against whatever we see as a danger to it, so because of this we see now that many people are defending states, defending territories, defending everything institutional in the belief that they defend Islam.
Well, the most important thing about Islam is that we have to differentiate between two kinds of Islam. The first one is the institution of Islam… second, the culture of Islam.
All too many Muslims fail to grasp Islam, which teaches one to be lenient towards others and to understand their value systems, knowing that these are tolerated by Islam as a religion.