Albert Einstein in 1921
14 March 1879|
Ulm, Kingdom of WÃ¼rttemberg, German Empire
|Died||18 April 1955
Princeton, New Jersey, US
|Residence||Germany, Italy, Switzerland, Austria (present-day Czech Republic), Belgium, United States|
Subject of the Kingdom of WÃ¼rttemberg during the German Empire (1879â€“1896)[note 1]
Swiss Patent Office (Bern) (1902â€“1909)
Swiss Federal Polytechnic (1896â€“1900; B.A., 1900)
|Thesis||Eine neue Bestimmung der MolekÃ¼ldimensionen (A New Determination of Molecular Dimensions) (1905)|
|Doctoral advisor||Alfred Kleiner|
|Other academic advisors||Heinrich Friedrich Weber|
General relativity and special relativity
Ernst G. Straus
Barnard Medal (1920)
|Spouse||Mileva MariÄ‡ (1903â€“1919)
Elsa LÃ¶wenthal (1919â€“1936)
Hans Albert (1904â€“1973)
Eduard “Tete” (1910â€“1965)
The pursuit of truth and beauty is a sphere of activity in which we are permitted to remain children all our lives.
The world is a dangerous place to live; not because of the people who are evil, but because of the people who don't do anything about it.
The gift of fantasy has meant more to me than my talent for absorbing positive knowledge.
He who joyfully marches to music in rank and file has already earned my contempt. He has been given a large brain by mistake, since for him the spinal cord would suffice.
There comes a time when the mind takes a higher plane of knowledge but can never prove how it got there.
If you can't explain it simply, you don't understand it well enough.
Any man who reads too much and uses his own brain too little falls into lazy habits of thinking.
Reading, after a certain age, diverts the mind too much from its creative pursuits. Any man who reads too much and uses his own brain too little falls into lazy habits of thinking.
The distinction between the past, present and future is only a stubbornly persistent illusion.
It stands to the everlasting credit of science that by acting on the human mind it has overcome man's insecurity before himself and before nature.
Few people are capable of expressing with equanimity opinions which differ from the prejudices of their social environment. Most people are even incapable of forming such opinions.
Science is a wonderful thing if one does not have to earn one's living at it.
The value of a man should be seen in what he gives and not in what he is able to receive.
Mozart's music is so pure and beautiful that I see it as a reflection of the inner beauty of the universe.
I very rarely think in words at all. A thought comes, and I may try to express it in words afterwards.
It is the supreme art of the teacher to awaken joy in creative expression and knowledge.
Our task must be to free ourselves by widening our circle of compassion to embrace all living creatures and the whole of nature and its beauty.
If we knew what it was we were doing, it would not be called research, would it?
The whole of science is nothing more than a refinement of everyday thinking.
You ask me if I keep a notebook to record my great ideas. I've only ever had one.
No problem can be solved from the same level of consciousness that created it.
I cannot imagine a God who rewards and punishes the objects of his creation and is but a reflection of human frailty.
The attempt to combine wisdom and power has only rarely been successful and then only for a short while.
Do not worry about your difficulties in Mathematics. I can assure you mine are still greater.
I do not believe that civilization will be wiped out in a war fought with the atomic bomb. Perhaps two-thirds of the people of the earth will be killed.
I think and think for months and years. Ninety-nine times, the conclusion is false. The hundredth time I am right.
To the Master's honor all must turn, each in its track, without a sound, forever tracing Newton's ground.
All these primary impulses, not easily described in words, are the springs of man's actions.
I am not only a pacifist but a militant pacifist. I am willing to fight for peace. Nothing will end war unless the people themselves refuse to go to war.
Confusion of goals and perfection of means seems, in my opinion, to characterize our age.
When you are courting a nice girl an hour seems like a second. When you sit on a red-hot cinder a second seems like an hour. That's relativity.
Small is the number of people who see with their eyes and think with their minds.
The fear of death is the most unjustified of all fears, for there's no risk of accident for someone who's dead.
All that is valuable in human society depends upon the opportunity for development accorded the individual.
We shall require a substantially new manner of thinking if mankind is to survive.
The most beautiful thing we can experience is the mysterious. It is the source of all true art and science.
The unleashed power of the atom has changed everything save our modes of thinking and we thus drift toward unparalleled catastrophe.
Anyone who doesn't take truth seriously in small matters cannot be trusted in large ones either.
There is no logical way to the discovery of these elemental laws. There is only the way of intuition, which is helped by a feeling for the order lying behind the appearance.
We should take care not to make the intellect our god; it has, of course, powerful muscles, but no personality.
Education is what remains after one has forgotten what one has learned in school.
The devil has put a penalty on all things we enjoy in life. Either we suffer in health or we suffer in soul or we get fat.
In matters of truth and justice, there is no difference between large and small problems, for issues concerning the treatment of people are all the same.
Insanity: doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results.
He who can no longer pause to wonder and stand rapt in awe, is as good as dead; his eyes are closed.
Whoever undertakes to set himself up as a judge of Truth and Knowledge is shipwrecked by the laughter of the gods.
It was the experience of mystery – even if mixed with fear – that engendered religion.
I believe that a simple and unassuming manner of life is best for everyone, best both for the body and the mind.
Any man who can drive safely while kissing a pretty girl is simply not giving the kiss the attention it deserves.
I want to go when I want. It is tasteless to prolong life artificially. I have done my share; it is time to go. I will do it elegantly.
Concern for man and his fate must always form the chief interest of all technical endeavors. Never forget this in the midst of your diagrams and equations.
As far as the laws of mathematics refer to reality, they are not certain, and as far as they are certain, they do not refer to reality.
A table, a chair, a bowl of fruit and a violin; what else does a man need to be happy?
Technological progress is like an axe in the hands of a pathological criminal.
Heroism on command, senseless violence, and all the loathsome nonsense that goes by the name of patriotism – how passionately I hate them!
It's not that I'm so smart, it's just that I stay with problems longer.
The most incomprehensible thing about the world is that it is comprehensible.
Most of the fundamental ideas of science are essentially simple, and may, as a rule, be expressed in a language comprehensible to everyone.
True religion is real living; living with all one's soul, with all one's goodness and righteousness.
If I were not a physicist, I would probably be a musician. I often think in music. I live my daydreams in music. I see my life in terms of music.
It is my conviction that killing under the cloak of war is nothing but an act of murder.
Most people say that it is the intellect which makes a great scientist. They are wrong: it is character.
The release of atomic energy has not created a new problem. It has merely made more urgent the necessity of solving an existing one.
Learn from yesterday, live for today, hope for tomorrow. The important thing is not to stop questioning.
The process of scientific discovery is, in effect, a continual flight from wonder.
There could be no fairer destiny for any physical theory than that it should point the way to a more comprehensive theory in which it lives on as a limiting case.
Whoever is careless with the truth in small matters cannot be trusted with important matters.
Isn't it strange that I who have written only unpopular books should be such a popular fellow?
Nothing is more destructive of respect for the government and the law of the land than passing laws which cannot be enforced.
I do not believe in immortality of the individual, and I consider ethics to be an exclusively human concern with no superhuman authority behind it.
In order to be an immaculate member of a flock of sheep, one must above all be a sheep oneself.
There are two ways to live: you can live as if nothing is a miracle; you can live as if everything is a miracle.
It has become appallingly obvious that our technology has exceeded our humanity.
Only one who devotes himself to a cause with his whole strength and soul can be a true master. For this reason mastery demands all of a person.
It gives me great pleasure indeed to see the stubbornness of an incorrigible nonconformist warmly acclaimed.
The grand aim of all science is to cover the greatest number of empirical facts by logical deduction from the smallest number of hypotheses or axioms.
One strength of the communist system of the East is that it has some of the character of a religion and inspires the emotions of a religion.
Try not to become a man of success, but rather try to become a man of value.
We cannot solve our problems with the same thinking we used when we created them.
The important thing is not to stop questioning. Curiosity has its own reason for existing.
My religion consists of a humble admiration of the illimitable superior spirit who reveals himself in the slight details we are able to perceive with our frail and feeble mind.
Human beings must have action; and they will make it if they cannot find it.
If people are good only because they fear punishment, and hope for reward, then we are a sorry lot indeed.
The road to perdition has ever been accompanied by lip service to an ideal.
We still do not know one thousandth of one percent of what nature has revealed to us.
To raise new questions, new possibilities, to regard old problems from a new angle, requires creative imagination and marks real advance in science.
Great spirits have always encountered violent opposition from mediocre minds.
Occurrences in this domain are beyond the reach of exact prediction because of the variety of factors in operation, not because of any lack of order in nature.
Only two things are infinite, the universe and human stupidity, and I'm not sure about the former.
Put your hand on a hot stove for a minute and it seems like an hour. Sit with a pretty girl for an hour, and it seems like a minute.
I am a deeply religious nonbeliever – this is a somewhat new kind of religion.
We can't solve problems by using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them.
No amount of experimentation can ever prove me right; a single experiment can prove me wrong.
Imagination is everything. It is the preview of life's coming attractions.
Without deep reflection one knows from daily life that one exists for other people.
I do not believe in the God of theology who rewards good and punishes evil.
I live in that solitude which is painful in youth, but delicious in the years of maturity.
Too many of us look upon Americans as dollar chasers. This is a cruel libel, even if it is reiterated thoughtlessly by the Americans themselves.
I know not with what weapons World War III will be fought, but World War IV will be fought with sticks and stones.
That deep emotional conviction of the presence of a superior reasoning power, which is revealed in the incomprehensible universe, forms my idea of God.
Solitude is painful when one is young, but delightful when one is more mature.