Engels in 1891
|Born||28 November 1820
(now Wuppertal, Germany)
|Died||5 August 1895
|Education||Gymnasium zu Elberfeld
|Alma mater||University of Berlin
|Notable work||The Condition of the Working Class in England, Anti-DÃ¼hring, Socialism: Utopian and Scientific, The German Ideology|
|Political philosophy, economics, class struggle, criticism of capitalism|
|Alienation and exploitation of the worker, historical materialism|
Just as Darwin discovered the law of development of organic nature, so Marx discovered the law of development of human history: the simple fact, hitherto concealed by an overgrowth of ideology, that mankind must first of all eat, drink, have shelter and clothing, before it can pursue politics, science, art, religion, etc.
The state is nothing but an instrument of opression of one class by another – no less so in a democratic republic than in a monarchy.
The proletariat uses the State not in the interests of freedom but in order to hold down its adversaries, and as soon as it becomes possible to speak of freedom the State as such ceases to exist.
All history has been a history of class struggles between dominated classes at various stages of social development.
From the first day to this, sheer greed was the driving spirit of civilization.
Everything must justify its existence before the judgment seat of Reason, or give up existence.