de Udvard et Kossuthfalva
|Governor-President of Hungary|
14 April 1849 â€“ 11 August 1849
|Prime Minister||Bertalan Szemere|
|Preceded by||position established|
|Succeeded by||ArtÃºr GÃ¶rgey (as acting civil and military authority)|
|President of the Committee of National Defence|
2 October 1848 â€“ 1 May 1849
|Preceded by||Lajos BatthyÃ¡ny (Prime Minister)|
|Succeeded by||Bertalan Szemere (Prime Minister)|
|Minister of Finance of Hungary|
7 April 1848 â€“ 12 September 1848
|Prime Minister||Lajos BatthyÃ¡ny|
|Preceded by||position established|
|Succeeded by||Lajos BatthyÃ¡ny|
19 September 1802|
Monok, Kingdom of Hungary
|Died||20 March 1894
Turin, Kingdom of Italy
|Resting place||Kerepesi Cemetery|
|Political party||Opposition Party|
The time draws near, when a radical change must take place for the whole world in the management of diplomacy.
You must be a power on earth, and must therefore accept all the consequences of this position.
I believe that the confidence of Hungary in me is not shaken by misfortune nor broken by my calumniators.
Hungary is, in a word, in a state of WAR against the Hapsburg dynasty, a war of legitimate defence, by which alone it can ever regain independence and freedom.
Now since France has three times in sixty years failed to obtain practical results from Political revolutions, all Europe is apt to press forward into new Social doctrine to regulate the future.
And if you cannot remain indifferent, you must resolve to throw your weight into that balance in which the fate and condition of man is weighed.
The principle of evil in Europe is the enervating spirit of Russian absolutism.
I will not become a Napoleon nor an Alexander, and labour for my own ambition; but I will labour for freedom and for the moral well-being of man.
I came not to your glorious shores to enjoy a happy rest – I came not to gather triumphs of personal distinction, but as a humble petitioner, in my country's name, as its freely chosen constitutional leader, to entreat your generous aid.
I consider no man honest who does not observe towards other nations the principles which he desires to be observed towards his own: and therefore I will not interfere in your domestic questions.
In my opinion, the form of Government may be different in different countries, according to their circumstances, their wishes, their wants. England loves her Queen, and has full motive to do so.
Even in political considerations, now-a-days, you have stronger motives to feel interested in the fate of Europe than in the fate of the Central or Southern parts of America.
It is chiefly in New York that I feel induced to urge this, because New York is, by innumerable ties, connected with Europe – more connected than several parts of Europe itself.
The Hungarian ministry begged the king earnestly to issue orders to all troops and commanders of fortresses in Hungary, enjoining fidelity to the Constitution, and obedience to the ministers of Hungary.
The house of Austria has publicly used every effort to deprive the country of its legitimate Independence and Constitution, designing to reduce it to a level with the other provinces long since deprived of all freedom, and to unite all in a common sink of slavery.
The power that is supported by force alone will have cause often to tremble.
Your generous part in my liberation is taken by the world for the revelation of the fact, that the United States are resolved not to allow the despots of the world to trample on oppressed humanity.
I have to thank the People, the Congress, and the Government of the United States for my liberation.
Men like me, who merely wish to establish political freedom, will in such circumstances lose all their influence, and others will get influence who may become dangerous to all established interests whatsoever.
If I had undertaken the practical direction of military operations, and anything went amiss, I feared that my conscience would torture me, as guilty of the fall of my country, as I had not been familiar with military tactics.
I must therefore implore your indulgence for a pretty long and plain development of my views concerning that cause which the citizens of New York, and you particularly, gentlemen, honour with generous interest.
Upon this the Hungarian ministers resigned, but the names submitted by the president of the council, at the demand of the king, were not approved of for successors.
The policy of the house of Austria, which aimed at destroying the independence of Hungary as a state, has been pursued unaltered for three hundred years.