The Emperor Napoleon in His Study at the Tuileries, by Jacques-Louis David, 1812
|Emperor of the French|
|1st reign||18 May 1804 â€“ 6 April 1814|
|Coronation||2 December 1804|
Napoleon was previously First Consul of the French Republic (1799â€“1804)
Louis XVIII (Bourbon Restoration)
|2nd reign||20 March 1815 â€“ 22 June 1815|
Louis XVIII (Bourbon Restoration)
|King of Italy|
|Reign||17 March 1805 â€“ 11 April 1814|
|Coronation||26 May 1805|
|Predecessor||Charles V (King in 1556)
Napoleon was previously President of the Italian Republic (1802â€“1805)
|Successor||Victor Emmanuel II (King in 1861)|
|Protector of the Confederation of the Rhine|
|Reign||6 August 1806 â€“ 4 November 1813|
|Predecessor||Francis II (Held equivalent post as Holy Roman Emperor)|
|Successor||Francis I (Came on to hold equivalent post as President of the German Confederation)|
15 August 1769|
Ajaccio, Corsica, France
|Died||5 May 1821
Longwood, Saint Helena
|Burial||Les Invalides, Paris, France|
|Spouse||JosÃ©phine de Beauharnais
Marie Louise of Austria
One must change one's tactics every ten years if one wishes to maintain one's superiority.
I am sometimes a fox and sometimes a lion. The whole secret of government lies in knowing when to be the one or the other.
The great proof of madness is the disproportion of one's designs to one's means.
Power is my mistress. I have worked too hard at her conquest to allow anyone to take her away from me.
The herd seek out the great, not for their sake but for their influence; and the great welcome them out of vanity or need.
Take time to deliberate, but when the time for action has arrived, stop thinking and go in.
History is the version of past events that people have decided to agree upon.
Doctors will have more lives to answer for in the next world than even we generals.
The strong man is the one who is able to intercept at will the communication between the senses and the mind.
Music is the voice that tells us that the human race is greater than it knows.
Great ambition is the passion of a great character. Those endowed with it may perform very good or very bad acts. All depends on the principles which direct them.
Nothing is more difficult, and therefore more precious, than to be able to decide.
If they want peace, nations should avoid the pin-pricks that precede cannon shots.
There are only two forces in the world, the sword and the spirit. In the long run the sword will always be conquered by the spirit.
Ambition never is in a greater hurry than I; it merely keeps pace with circumstances and with my general way of thinking.
There is one kind of robber whom the law does not strike at, and who steals what is most precious to men: time.
The first virtue in a soldier is endurance of fatigue; courage is only the second virtue.
When soldiers have been baptized in the fire of a battle-field, they have all one rank in my eyes.
The torment of precautions often exceeds the dangers to be avoided. It is sometimes better to abandon one's self to destiny.
The battlefield is a scene of constant chaos. The winner will be the one who controls that chaos, both his own and the enemies.
A revolution can be neither made nor stopped. The only thing that can be done is for one of several of its children to give it a direction by dint of victories.
You must not fear death, my lads; defy him, and you drive him into the enemy's ranks.
When small men attempt great enterprises, they always end by reducing them to the level of their mediocrity.
The people to fear are not those who disagree with you, but those who disagree with you and are too cowardly to let you know.
In order to govern, the question is not to follow out a more or less valid theory but to build with whatever materials are at hand. The inevitable must be accepted and turned to advantage.
Riches do not consist in the possession of treasures, but in the use made of them.
If I had to choose a religion, the sun as the universal giver of life would be my god.
If you wish to be a success in the world, promise everything, deliver nothing.
It is my wish that my ashes may repose on the banks of the Seine, in the midst of the French people, whom I have loved so well.
I love power. But it is as an artist that I love it. I love it as a musician loves his violin, to draw out its sounds and chords and harmonies.
To do all that one is able to do, is to be a man; to do all that one would like to do, is to be a god.
You must not fight too often with one enemy, or you will teach him all your art of war.
The extent of your consciousness is limited only by your ability to love and to embrace with your love the space around you, and all it contains.
Men are more easily governed through their vices than through their virtues.
The act of policing is, in order to punish less often, to punish more severely.