|3rd Chief Justice of the Supreme Court|
March 8, 1796 â€“ September 30, 1800
|Nominated by||George Washington|
|Preceded by||John Rutledge|
|Succeeded by||John Marshall|
|United States Senator
March 4, 1789 â€“ March 8, 1796
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||James Hillhouse|
April 29, 1745|
Windsor, Connecticut, British America
|Died||November 26, 1807
Windsor, Connecticut, U.S.
|Alma mater||Yale University
The right of the judge to inflict punishment gives him both power and opportunity to oppress the innocent; yet none but crazy men will from thence determine that it is best to have neither a legislature nor judges.
A government capable of controlling the whole, and bringing its force to a point, is one of the prerequisites for national liberty. We combine in society, with an expectation to have our persons and properties defended against unreasonable exactions either at home or abroad.
Judge candidly what a wretched figure the American empire will exhibit in the eye of other nations, without a power to array and support a military force for its own protection.
Some persons never attain to the happy art of perspicuous expression, and it is equally true that some persons, thro' a mental defect of their own, will judge the most correct and certain language of others to be indefinite and ambiguous.
The charge of being ambiguous and indefinite may be brought against every human composition, and necessarily arises from the imperfection of language. Perhaps no two men will express the same sentiment in the same manner and by the same words; neither do they connect precisely the same ideas with the same words.
A people cannot long retain their freedom, whose government is incapable of protecting them.
A desire of gain is common to mankind, and the general motive to business and industry.
Liberty is a word which, according as it is used, comprehends the most good and the most evil of any in the world.
The power of collecting money from the people is not to be rejected because it has sometimes been oppressive. Public credit is as necessary for the prosperity of a nation as private credit is for the support and wealth of a family.
It may be assumed as a fixed truth that the prosperity and riches of the farmer must depend on the prosperity and good national regulation of trade.