Wilhelm Carl Werner Otto Fritz Franz Wien
13 January 1864
Gaffken near Fischhausen,
Province of Prussia
|Died||30 August 1928
|Institutions||University of Giessen
University of WÃ¼rzburg
University of Munich
|Alma mater||University of GÃ¶ttingen
University of Berlin
|Doctoral advisor||Hermann von Helmholtz|
|Doctoral students||Karl Hartmann
|Known for||Blackbody radiation
Wien’s displacement law
|Notable awards||Nobel Prize for Physics (1911)|
|Spouse||Luise Mehler (1898)|
Since we can produce all types of light by means of hot bodies, we can ascribe, to the radiation in thermal equilibrium with hot bodies, the temperature of these bodies, and thus every radiation, even that issuing from a phosphorescent body, has a certain temperature for every colour.
According to the kinetic theory of gases, the mean kinetic energy of a molecule is a measure of absolute temperature.
As soon as we step beyond the established boundaries of pure thermodynamic theory, we enter a trackless region confronting us with obstacles which even the most astute of us are almost at a loss to tackle.
If, as is the custom, I speak mainly about my own researches, I must say that I was fortunate in finding that not everything had yet been gleaned in the field of general thermodynamic radiation theory.